A polyvalent warrior, the PBY could be armed with four 1,000-pound bombs, eight depth charges, or two torpedoes attached at drop points beneath the wings. The PBY line of flying boats was conceived in 1933 in Buffalo, New York. According to Battle of Midway a PBY Catalina scored the only US air-launched torpedo hit of the engagement; also the first damaging strike of the engagement. PROFILE: Consolidated PBY Catalina (Variants / Other Names: See History below.) A PBY on a long-range patrol over Greenland. On long-range patrols, crews rotated through watches. The USS Indianapolis was a Portland heavy cruiser and was named after the US city of Indianapolis in Indiana. Soot residue from burnt oil was added to soap and washed over the fuselage of the PBYs, turning them black and making them difficult to spot in the darkness. Spray compresses are present along the hull's chine, directing spray away from the propellers, engines, and tail unit, while a purpose-built plate diverts spray from the pilot's windshield. There is a national list of Tanker numbers that simply gives each fire bomber a number. Die Consolidated PBY Catalina war ein zweimotoriges Seeaufklärungsflugzeug des US-amerikanischen Herstellers Consolidated Aircraft (ab 1943: Consolidated Vultee). It can also be used for other missions types, including passenger services, freight transport, and air-sea search and rescue operations. history.navy.mil. The exterior paint layer consists of wash primer, followed by a coat of epoxy-polyamide primer, and then a final top coat; some areas may received a special synthetic rubber-based sealant coating to prevent moisture ingress. It was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II and Catalinas served with every branch of the United States Armed Forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations. Boeing Aircraft of Canada built the PB2B-1 and PB2B-2 ("Canso"), and a derivative of the PBY-5A was built by Canadian Vickers. Fire Eaters N9505C | From the movie Always; Marketplace. On July 30, 1945, two torpedoes launched from a Japanese submarine slammed into the side of USS Indianapolis, days after she completed her secret mission to deliver enriched uranium and other parts of the Hiroshima bomb to Tinian Island. "Always" Catalina Fire Bomber Fire Bomber 72: Nummer: 72-PBY-1: Maßstab: 1:72 : Typ: Decalset: Erschienen: 2010 | Erstveröffentlichung - neues Werkzeug: Thema: Consolidated PBY Catalina » Propeller (Aircraft) Inhalt der Box Beinhaltet: Decalbogen (Nassschiebebilder) Markierungen Consolidated PBY Catalina Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina. Perhaps the most significant development of the type occurred during the 1980s in the form of the CL-215T, an initiative to replace the original Pratt & Whitney R-2800-83AM radial engines with a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW123AF turbine engines. The wheels work good when I have to fly off pavement. It is obtainable through completing the Quest Gaining Allies. The real aircraft was owned by Salfco, Inc. of Ephrata, WA. The PBY was an essential component of some of the most dramatic moments of the Second World War. In the middle of the round, friendly ships need to establish a line of fire from B while the hydro cap A. Consolidated Vultee PBY-5A Catalina N9505C (S/N 34027) has hit the market. The sighting directly resulted in the destruction of the infamous battleship by the Royal Navy. After the 316 remaining sailors were spotted by a Lockheed PV-1 Venture, a PBY-5 arrived on Aug. 2 to begin picking survivors. A Catalina fire bomber could land on a lake and take on four tons of water in 14 seconds while land-based aircraft had to waste valuable time returning to an airfield to refill their tanks. Consolidated PBY Catalina Bomber / Maritime Patrol Aircraft. Photo ©: Karsten Palt . See more ideas about Catalina, Flying boat, Amphibious aircraft.  During June 1969, the first CL-215 was delivered to the French civil protection agency (Sécurité Civile, then known as Protection Civile). The real aircraft was owned by Salfco, Inc. of Ephrata, WA. , On 1 February 1966, the programme was authorised to proceed. PBY stands for Patrol Bomber, the “Y” simply denotes the manufacturer which was Consolidated Aircraft Co. Here are seven amazing facts about the Catalina PBY, an aircraft that patrolled the vast reaches of the world’s oceans, looking for an enemy to track, report, or destroy. Nov 3, 2020 - Explore Edgar Aldana's board "PBY Catalina", followed by 1161 people on Pinterest. A second .30 calibre was situated along the bottom of the hull in the ventral position. Responsibilities, such as making coffee and distributing meals, were conducted by whomever was off duty. The PBY’s two Pratt & Whitney 1,200 horse power radial engines were maximized for range and endurance, and could cruise a distance of over 2,500 miles (4,000 km) at 125 m.p.h. Von 1935 bis 1945 wurden insgesamt 3272 der Flugboote bzw. The identity of the ‘naked gunner’ has never been established. , The definitive design, which was designated as the CL-215, was publicly revealed at the 1965 Paris Air Show. Made airworthy, it was obtained by the Qantas Founders Museum at Longreach, QLD and became VH-EAX on 30 September that year. ", https://www.aerialfiremag.com/hellenic-air-force-suffers-its-second-cl-215-crash-of-the-year/, "Airframe Dossier - Canadair CL-215-1A10, c/n 1040, c/r F-ZBBT", "Airframe Dossier - Canadair CL-215-1, c/n 1005, c/r F-ZBBE", "Airframe Dossier - Canadair CL-215, c/n 1021, c/r F-ZBAR", "Airframe Dossier - Canadair CL-215, c/n 1026, c/r F-ZBBH", "Exposición exterior del Museo de Aeronáutica y Astronáutica", "Airframe Dossier - Canadair CL-215-1A10, s/n UD.13-1 EdA, c/n 1010, c/r EC-BXM", Panhellenic Association of Families Lost in Action Aviators, North Carolina Division of Forest Resources Aviation Resources, de Havilland DH.82C Tiger Moth & Menasco Moth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canadair_CL-215&oldid=996558411, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. (Image source: WikiMedia Commons). He has more licenses and certifications than most of us could even imagine. Soot residue from burnt oil was added to soap and washed over the fuselage of the PBYs, turning them black and making them difficult to spot in the darkness. One of the bomber's biggest cons is its lack of landing gear, although it can still belly land onto airstrips. The origins of the CL-215 can be traced back to two earlier project studies conducted by Canadian aircraft manufacturer Canadair, the CL-43 and CL-204. Canadair's market research indicated that there were many aging seaplanes for which operators required a modern replacement.  The hull was laid out with considerable forethought, using the full length of the fuselage as a hull to give the aircraft good handling across many sea states. Both tanks are positioned directly upon the aircraft's centre of gravity so that filling or emptying the tanks has minimal impact upon the aircraft's flying characteristics. After nightfall, the first of seven rescue ships arrived. More than 900 of Indianapolis’ crew escaped the sinking ship but remained in the water for days; 600 would die of thirst, hunger, exposure and shark attacks.  Flight International describes this choice as being unusual as these engines were no longer in production, a decision that was somewhat justified by the large numbers of reconditioned units that were available during the 1960s; it was believed that a piston engine would be more durable in a maritime environment. In 2018 Bombardier sold their design documents, and intellectual property rights, to the CL-215 and CL-415 to Viking Air. It was built by Canadian Vickers at Cartierville, Quebec and was allocated their constructors number CV-283 before adopting the RCAF serial 11005. The gunners held their fire until the bombs were released to further increase the element of surprise.  The CL-215 can be used as an airborne firefighting platform, in which capacity it is used as a water bomber; it has been claimed to be the first aircraft designed to withstand the severe aerodynamic and hydrodynamic loads imposed by such usage. The airframe is said to have amassed a total time of … The PBY sent a coded message to its base at 7:15, but by the time this message was decoded and passed on to CINCPAC, the Japanese bombs had begun falling. These crew-members normally rotated through manning the guns when not engaged in their primary duties. Meme. Mine was from the Dare kit and is just a really nice flying plane, even if mine is a bit heavy and too fast I do have to admit never flying off water, and never will. In Canadian service it was known as the Canso.It was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II.Catalinas served with every branch of the United States Armed Forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations. This brief collection of wartime narratives illustrates the PBY’s wide range of diverse roles. (Image source: WikiMedia Commons). In 2018, there were reportedly around 165 CL-215 and CL-415s in service across 11 countries. He polled his crew, and they agreed to land the aircraft in the 4 metre swells. In reality, the Catalina was much too slow to make an effective daylight bomber except under unusual conditions.  These doors are normally hydraulically actuated and electrically-controlled, but a manual release is present for emergency use only; the tanks can be emptied simultaneously, individually, or in sequence at the pilot's selection. It was called Canso by the RCAF. Rare Historical Photos, “The naked gunner, Rescue at Rabaul, 1944” https://rarehistoricalphotos.com/naked-gunner-rescue-rabaul-1944/ (Accessed 30 September 2020). The PBY was an incredibly versatile airplane that could land on both water and land runways. Hello members. (Image source: WikiMedia Commons). For this purpose, Canadair paid heed to requirements previously defined by the United States Navy under MIL-F-7179, having judged these criteria to be optimal for their purposes. The enlisted men were mechanics and signalmen. “Cat Tales.” Aviation History 23 (5): 24–31. National Naval Aviation Museum “PBY 5A Catalina” https://www.navalaviationmuseum.org/aircraft/pby-5a-catalina/ (Accessed 30 September 2020). Find the perfect pby a stock photo. During the May, 1941 Battle of the Denmark Strait, the German battleship Bismarck sunk HMS Hood, and damaged HMS Prince of Wales. , Production of the CL-215 progressed through five series. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! On 23 October 1967, the first prototype performed its maiden flight, and the first production aircraft was handed over during June 1969. Not having been operated as a Water Bomber, N5PY does not show the extensive intergranular corrosion in the wing sections that is usually associated with the high metal fatigue cycles incurred during fire suppression operations. I like crazy boats. , As of September 2019 there were 64 CL215/CL-415 registered with Transport Canada. The PBY-5 and PBY-5A "Catalina" patrol-bomber aircraft successfully served during the Battle of Atlantic with some 20 German U-boats being destroyed, starting with German (Type XIV) U-boat, U-464, on August 20, 1942. , Prior to the delivery of the first aircraft, plans had already been mooted for the production of multiple models of the type. The Consolidated PBY Catalina, was produced as a flying boat and seaplane amphibian in the 1930s and 1940s.In Canadian service it was known as the Canso.It was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II.Catalinas served with every branch of the United States Armed Forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations. The PBY Catalina was designed by Consolidated-Vultee Aircraft Corporation, which received an order from the US Navy on 28 October 1933 to build an experimental patrol aircraft designated XP3Y-1. The CL-215 is a twin-engine, high-wing aircraft, that was designed during the 1960s. Hence more Catalina's were ordered from the Canadian factories of Boeing and Vickers. Sep 19, 2018 - Explore Doug Anderson's board "PBY Catalina" on Pinterest. Amphibienflugzeuge gebaut und während des Zweiten Weltkrieges von der US Navy, den USAAF, der Royal Navy und den sowjetischen Seefliegerkräften eingesetzt. Jun 24, 2018 - Explore Brad Blanchard's board "PBY" on Pinterest. Within minutes, the heavy cruiser was gone. "Water-Bombers Required! (288 km/h). Many post war PBYs became fire bombers. Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina Description Radar, twin .50 caliber guns in a power-driven bow turret, tall tail with a taller vertical fin first seen on the PBN-1; outrigger floats from each wingtip, hinged to fold up after takeoff; massive pylon supported the parasol-wing above the fuselage. THE CONSOLIDATED PBY was not one of the Second World War’s more glamorous warplanes; it was a slow and ungainly, twin-engine “flying boat.” Yet despite its odd appearance, it would go on to become the most numerous and successful amphibious float plane in history. For his actions, Leonard Birchall is remembered today as the “Saviour of Ceylon.”, A handful of PBYs played a key role in the Battle of Midway. After the War it was converted for civilian use mostly as a water bomber to help fight forest fires first in Newfoundland and later in western Canada. Found this of a Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina from when it was stationed at Oslo Airport Fornebu as a water bomber for forest fire fighting. August 5, 2014 By Barry Schiff. Beyond the water bomber role, the CL-215 was designed for use in other capacities, such as a search and rescue platform, passenger transport, and freighter; for this purpose, the cabin can be configured in various different ways, including a flexible combi configuration. 1:48 US Forest Service Firewatch Cobras Our Price: $10.00 . This design was shaped by a desire for it to be well-suited for performing a range of roles, including air-sea search and rescue, cargo haulage and commercial passenger-carrying, beyond the water bomber mission. Canadian Aviation and Space Museum, “Consolidated PBY-5A Canso A” https://ingeniumcanada.org/artifact/consolidated-pby-5a-canso-a (Accessed 30 September 2020). It the subsequent “recovery operation” the Catalina broke apart and has been destroyed. The airplane had an operating ceiling of over 15,000 feet, (4,400 metres) and under the right conditions, could stay in the air for up to 20 hours. Weltkriegs von der US Navy, der Royal Navy und den sowjetischen Seefliegern eingesetzt wurde. Furthermore, numerous conversion and improvement programmes have been developed for existing aircraft, such as the CL-215T, a turbine-powered model of the original aircraft which replaces the original Pratt & Whitney R-2800-83AM radial engines with a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW123AF turbine engines instead. A British Catalina over Gibraltar. After the War it was converted for civilian use mostly as a water bomber to help fight forest fires first in Newfoundland and later in western Canada. Amphibious variants with retractable landing gear were appended by the suffix A, as in PBY-A. A Navy PBY was ordered into the harbour to rescue the wounded Marine. The PBY – Naval Air Museum (operated by the PBY Memorial Foundation) can be found in downtown Oak Harbor on Whidbey Island in Washington state.The Oak Harbor section of Naval Air Station (NAS) Whidbey Island was once a thriving seaplane base and during World War Two the Consolidated PBY Catalina amphibious patrol bomber (also used for Search And Rescue duties) was … CalNat also operated Grumman F7F-3P Tigercat BuNo 80483, N6178C, Tanker 43. Boeing Aircraft of Canada built the PB2B-1 and PB2B-2 ("Canso"), and a derivative of the PBY-5A called the PBV-1A was built by Canadian Vickers. Viking announced plans to open a production line to build the CL-515, an improvement over the CL-415, with more recent avionics, instrumentation to allow it to continue fighting fires at night, and the ability to fill other roles, like maritime surveillance, and maritime search and rescue, when it wasn't fire season. Catalinas served in the armed forces of the U.S., Great Britain, the Netherlands, Australia, New Zealand, the Soviet Union and Brazil. The flying boats gunner stripped down to rescue the wounded man while under fire. , Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1984–85, Flight International, Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Flying boat family by Canadair, later Bombardier, Certified/factory-built aircraft manufactured in Canada, Societa Ricerche Esperienze Meteorologiche, North Carolina Division of Forest Resources, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, "FLIGHT TEST: Bombardier 415 - The superscooper", "Viking nears CL-415 EAF start, CL-515 launch decision", "Viking to deliver six aircraft to the Republic of Indonesia's Ministry of Defence", "Indonesia to receive world's first CL-515 in seven aircraft deal with Longview", "Longview's CL-415EAF Enhanced Aerial Firefighter makes inaugural flight", "Longview's first production CL-415EAF "enhanced aerial firefighter" amphibious aircraft takes inaugural flight", "Viking Air's updated CL-415EAF makes flight debut", "Viking Air Preps for Fire Season, Updates Water Scooper Line", "Viking CL-415 Enhanced Aerial Firefighter launch customer named", "Viking applies for funding to launch CL-515 aerial firefighter". The PBY was an incredibly versatile airplane that could land on … The PBY-5 was piloted by Ensign Leonard B. The 1962 preliminary design, designated as the CL-204, was a purpose-designed water bomber that evolved into an amphibian flying boat configuration, powered by two shoulder-mounted 2,100 hp (1,566 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-2800 piston engines. , The CL-215 is powered by a pair of 2,200 hp Pratt & Whitney R-2800-83AM radial engines, which was reliably regarded as a proven and reliable power unit.  All aluminium components that made direct contact with water were sulphurically anodised and sealed used sodium dichromate; other aluminium elements received a chromate coating before the exterior paint was applied while steel was plated with a cadmium-titanium alloy. In 2009 yet another Catalina arrived in Australia imported from Spain where it had operated with the two mentioned above as a fire-bomber.
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