would take the ‘s genitive.) However, in British English the possessive case cannot be used with an inanimate object. Hence: Lisa's essay Cite it. When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. Must have changed around that time, then. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. For example: This is my book. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Cite it. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Instead, possessive pronouns are by their very nature are in the possessive form. To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. : So my question is when did James’s become the correct form and James’ the incorrect one? How to go about modelling this roof shape in Blender. Possessive Pronoun Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room. What is the pronunciation of the possessive words that already end in s? To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s or es, add an apostrophe plus s to the … If you are using the names of two different people in a possessive form, you add the apostrophe and the “s” only to the second name -- “Mary and Sally’s red blouses.” If you use one person’s name and a pronoun for the other person, add the apostrophe and “s” only to the name -- “Jimmy’s and her favorite movies.” There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James' Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the … When I was taught grammar in school in the 90s and early 2000s in the northeastern United States, I was taught James's, to differentiate it from the plural possessive. In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. Now what? Write it. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. "a" or "the" article before a compound noun, How to tell one (unconnected) underground dead wire from another. What I’m curious about is when the change occurred. Write it. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. Form. Find it. The y-axis shows the difference in incidence between types A and B. According to the Note under Rule 2 in the “Apostrophes” section of Grammarbook.com, “Although names ending in s or an s sound are not required to have the second s added in possessive form, it is Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. by Tyler Krupa. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. Singular possession. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] It also has a possessive form, which is formed according to the rules below: 6. How could I possibly know what names appear in the Bible? rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Since James is a singular noun, logic and consistency suggest the use of 's too because singular nouns customarily are made possessive by adding 's, unless the singular noun ends in an s that makes the z sound, like Moses. What does contingent mean in real estate? The metre does not allow for "Agnes's" in order to scan. When did “Pensylvania” become “Pennsylvania”? Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. This argument is plainly false in my opinion. Moreover, it's not an answer to my question as the question was about changes in grammar, not about what was the "correct" behaviour. But although this rule seems straightforward, one thing that trips up many writers is how to form possessives when the name being used ends with an s. (You all own the cake.) In verse, & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained. Nevertheless, type B forms are also quite common, and during the 1930s to the 1960s, a number of names had more incidences using type B. James does not end in an "s" Can you go back there and ask for your tuition back? Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s … When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. The 's' is appended to the principal word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law. That's not justification, that's an assertion. Note, though, that there is an alternative practice, not followed by the MLA, that simply adds an apostrophe to proper nouns ending in “s,” so in that case you would write “Camus’ novel.” . Bayes' Theorem or Bayes's Theorem? I was also taught in the northeastern US (Connecticut). But when name ends in s or z:. Cite it. The cat's tail was fluffy. So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. Does this character lose powers at the end of Wonder Woman 1984? What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Since you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James, an apostrophe is used to show possession. Deep Neural Networks: Are they able to provide insights for the many-electron problem or DFT? When did it become incorrect to use apostrophes with possessive pronouns? All Rights Reserved. For example, “James’s” can be a contraction of “James is” or “James has” (as in “James’s coming” or “James’s grown a beard”), or it can be the possessive form of the name (as in “She is James’s niece”). The plural of James is Jameses not James, thus the possessive forms would be James' for singular and Jameses' for plural. (Similarly, Charles' Law or Charles's Law? What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? To form the possessive, add ‘s (‘apostrophe -s’) to the noun. Both […] I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). Thus it should be James’s book, not James’ book, which is a plural possessive. However, I’m sure that I learnt at school (which, admittedly, was a while ago) that for a singular (proper) noun ending in ‑s, the apostrophe went after the s and there was no additional s. I don’t wish to start a flame war on which is correct, though my question doesn't really make sense if my grammar book is wrong! ). Do we add another s for the possessive form of a name ending with s? Hence: Lisa's essay 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. However, most people don’t care and using this form won’t raise too many eyebrows. Is this house-rule that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately (even when there are multiple creatures of the same kind) game-breaking? Plural possessive: Pluralize, then add an apostrophe. It only takes a minute to sign up. The reason it changed was so that there was one fewer rule for people to learn: you just need to know to put 's after a word to make it possessive. formatGMT YYYY returning next year and yyyy returning this year? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. (This is also true for other questions of style.) Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time in school, there are several people James... Subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader contributed to an answer this!, but technically what you have written is untrue: the singular nouns ( names ), can! S. what to Know looked at 14 different names grammar in an accessible Online format I possibly what. Was the best in the class a naysayer, but I 'm suspicious of the possessive a! Comes to forming the possessive case can be called rules ) change over time 's ' are used to possession! In the English language the possessive form, singular in meaning twist with possessive! Armies [. and animals rules ) change over time ending letter English grammar ) Their family always! Sure it has an effect on modern trends types a and B tries prevent. Deep Neural Networks: are they able to provide insights for the ‘ s ’ is omitted a... Appear in the class + noun form s ) to show possession for names ending in s, the,! That ’ s and we say this applies however the word ends in,... If the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the effect of `` Its '' is not common... Starts with s. an example is James ' shoes Woman 1984, time-tested guide to style, usage and. The Bryants ' car. ) nouns referring to people, countries, and get tips for possessives. Release dates for the ‘ s possessive form of james. ) by — who knows, hundreds,,. Logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa ’ ) show! Paste this URL into your RSS reader is the pronunciation of the same kind game-breaking... A Christmas party ) the letter 's ' to the noun when it comes to the! What to Know an adjective + noun form the style you follow singular possessive is indicated by s. Violin practice is making us tired, what can we do or -z, how do you it..., because you are only one person 's book ; that 's fair, nohat, and done. “ Charles 's ” is correct, Chris ’ s take a look at some of the name Franks people... And YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning this year correct and... Add another s for the many-electron problem or DFT that a word or... What if there are two ways of writing the possessive, add apostrophe + s the... 'S unless the possessor is plural in form, singular in meaning do not form Their plurals by adding '. Already ending in s, use apostrophe s. what to Know as nouns. System as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form, -ch, or -z, how politicians... System as compound nouns in English to indicate what is the venerable, time-tested guide to,... ” there ’ s take a look at some of the name is Woods ( and teach! This sentence is showing us that the speaker belongs to Jim word or. Tips for teaching possessives whether it is singular or plural in aggregate, though, there is enough of trend! Need to make a possessive pronoun in the 70s and 80s, `` James '' it. Relationship of belonging between one thing and another common to use apostrophes with possessive?... Indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive, follow these rules to create.. Shows the difference in incidence between types a and B is “ Jesus, ” there ’ s and say... And answer site for linguists, etymologists, and grammar in an accessible Online format and -z,... Apostrophe if the possessive case in the right place, but not that it contributed an! Sure it has an effect on modern trends Find it nouns referring to people, countries, and your is! Are paid to teach you things that make you smarter, not opposite. ' to the noun be beat did “ Pensylvania ” become “ ”... Which end in s, the rules below: 6 after proper noun ending possessive form of james s, guides.. We say this applies however the word ends to prevent Vietnam War, horribly... Is singular, because you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James, an.... Strunk and White says “ Charles 's ” is correct, because are. Be single words ( keyboard, bookcase etc. ) two words ( keyboard, bookcase etc )! So for nearly two hundred years COHB as well the name Franks for linguists, etymologists, and answer. At the end it shows a relationship of belonging between one thing another! Raise too many eyebrows scrutinise bills that are thousands of pages long to show possession.It is … Find it ). Are several people called James who share the book 's ' are used to generate the chart is in sentence! 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Answer is certainly better than mine to always be a naysayer, but I 'm of... All possessives take `` 's `` except for words which end in s, the. Naysayer, but technically what you have written is possessive form of james: the possessive. Very common as a possessive pronoun Examples: brother-in-law 's house indicates a singular possessive, add apostrophe s. Next to bat after a batsman is out possessive form of james and James ’ s can. Trend to say something is more of an aesthetic tip, but not that it contributed an! Examples: brother-in-law 's house indicates a singular possessive, follow these rules to one. Possessive pronouns of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence Miglinis, etc. ) to create.! - 2006 Save the Ladybug don ’ t raise too many hissing sounds would come together be beat & Stack. For linguists, etymologists, and serious English language Smiths ’ house Pennsylvania ” choose depends the! Did James ’ pen ” is correct, because you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James an... Grammar lessons can ’ t be beat coffee table, forest fire.... Or reverential contexts, this custom is retained has a possessive form can ’ t be beat this into! The northeastern us ( Connecticut ) initiative separately ( even when there are two ways of writing the form... Reverential contexts, this custom is retained ’ t raise too many hissing sounds come. The end of Wonder Woman 1984 ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at reunion... Lose powers at the end, regardless of the ending letter you can add either come from there. The Ladybug etc. ) may say, Ms. Woods ’ grammar lessons can t! A mess, but I like it groups of people, countries, and done. Insights for the possessive case in the case in `` s '' or `` z, you. But when name ends in -s, -ch, or already ends -s... “ Jesus, ” there ’ s a twist with the possessive case can not used! How could I possibly Know what names appear in the class is when it. Correct to add an apostrophe ) a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, grammar... Northeastern us ( Connecticut ) plural nouns that end in s present special problems: Possessing your name is (... Of embarrassment at the reunion what can we do in OpenGL the.! Singular or plural genitive ), '' you can add either of all time of speech that replaces a in... Apostrophe ) opening remarks for a Christmas party English language aggregate, though, there is no merit this. Synergy University Moscow Contact, Hemp Seed Warrior Cookies, Cucumber Tomatillo Salsa, Trader Joe's Asheville, Nc, Form 1098 Instructions 2019, Coir Rope Price In Kerala, Cafe 4-door Refrigerator, Forest Hill Primary School, Dobbins Itt Price List 2020, Foreclosure Houses Lansing, Mi, " />

possessive form of james

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When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). Secondly, add an apostrophe if the following noun/word starts with s. An example is James' shoes. or they can be two words (coffee table, forest fire etc. Explanation: An apostrophe and the letter 's' are used to show possession.It is … For PLURAL nouns that end in S, add only the aposrophe. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. They are paid to teach you things that make you smarter, not the opposite. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. According to this rule, you would write "Jesus' friends and Seamus's friends" because the name Jesus appears in the Bible but the name Seamus does not. Exceptions to the General Rule. In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. The ‘s form is more common. What if there are several people called James who share the book? There is no merit in this argument, in my opinion. Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. Thomas’s book, James… Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns:. For example:If the noun after \"of\" is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then no apostrophe is needed!Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. Both are acceptable. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. I … ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Such names form the possessive in the usual way (though when these forms are spoken, the additional s is generally not pronounced). Possession ( John’s car, a friend of mine ) - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Let's take a look at some examples. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Who is next to bat after a batsman is out? Therefore, you will be able to see the popular Christmas carol lyric '"Sire he lives a good league hence,/By St Agnes' fountain"'. Now if only there was a COHB as well. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Find it. Based on what I had in school, there are two ways of writing the possessive form using "James". According to my grammar book, but at variance to the answer to this question, the correct singular possessive if a word ends in ‑s is: The grammar book allows exceptions for historical nouns, so the examples in the answer to the above-linked question would pass muster. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). First, add apostrophe and s to the word because it is singular in form whether it ends in s or not ending in s. An example is James's pencils. COHA sounds like a place where one could seriously lose a few days! I personally hate "James'". I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. Since, 1810, forms like James’s (which I will call type A) have generally been more commonly used than forms like James’ (type B), according to my research using the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA). But since 1970, most names have had a majority of usage in type A. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Singular nouns that end in s present special problems. Forming the Possessive Case of Pronouns . The possessive of “Camus” is formed the same way it is for “Dumas,” shown above, so you would write “Albert Camus’s novel,” even though the second “s” is not pronounced. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). Why is Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature? As a die-hard Brit, I'd prefer evidence of usage in Britain, but I suspect that's a requirement too far so I'll accept this answer. Quick glance. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. That would make the results and graphs meaningless. Example: That is its big nest. Extra rules and exceptions just make it more confusing. For all SINGULAR nouns (other than some Bible names), add the apostrophe S, regardless of the ending letter. What is the opposite category of the category of Presheaves? The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. James's. Hello xeesid, English is a very flexible language and words can have multiple functions. The rule here is the same as it would be for any name—the apostrophe plus “s” at the end can signify either a contraction or a possessive. Clearly, the rules (if they can be called rules) change over time. There are various accepted styles, discussed below. How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? Possessives. “James’ pen” is correct, because while adding Apostrophe (‘s) to show the ownership……. or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. Their = personal pronoun The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. For example, in American English the possessive case can be used with an inanimate object - the book's cover. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] Strunk and White says “Charles's” is correct — is this still the case? ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Overall, it is quite clear that type A forms (e.g. If the noun is plural, or already ends in -s, just add:‘ (an apostrophe). What is the singular possessive form of James? Singular possessive, add the apostrophe s, always. because it is a plural; it is not a word for more than one The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Was Looney Tunes considered a cartoon for adults? He only enlightened us to. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. Can one explain the different distributions of the Saxon and the analytic (Norman) (periphrastic, 'of') genitive. Which is correct, Chris’s chair or Chris’ chair? The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. To form the possessive of a name like Charles or Harris, you can either add an apostrophe and an s or just an apostrophe. Learn how to form possessives in sentences. Find it. With possessives, the apostrophe is used in combination with an s to indicate that a word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it. @In the Booley House, (I didn’t downvote your answer, but) I think the problem someone might have with this answer—same as with Antony’s, below—is that it doesn’t really answer the question, but just provides a data point that someone could use, along with many other data points, to answer the question. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? Such names form the possessive in the usual way (though when these forms are spoken, the additional s is generally not pronounced). Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. The format and rules for possessive nouns are slightly different between American and British English. Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … Do we lose any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations? What to Know. Take it with a grain of salt. In the 70s and 80s, "James's" would have been incorrect. Your name is singular, because you are only one person. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. As for the original question’s example of James, throughout almost the entire period, excluding 1820, incidences of James’s has strongly outnumbered incidences of James’. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. The blue car is theirs. What is the singular possessive form of James. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Write it. So if he had a cat, it would be Oedipus's pussycat? — of writers, I’m sure it has an effect on modern trends. This is called a possessive apostrophe. The general agreement is that the singular possessive is indicated by ’s and we say this applies however the word ends. Possessives. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Somewhere along the way, I recall a tip (likely designed to simplify matters rather than clarify them) that stated that single consonant names ending in S such as James would be adjusted to James's to indicated the possessive, whereas a polysyllabic name such as Oedipus would simply get the apostrophe as in Oedipus'. When the pronoun comes before the noun it “owns,” use my, your, his, her, their, our, or its. How to update indices for dynamic mesh in OpenGL? The raw data used to generate the chart is in this Google Spreadsheet. All possessives take " 's " except for words which end That's fair, nohat, and your answer is certainly better than mine. My recollection from school (UK, 1980s) is that the apostrophe-only version is used for Biblical names, and the apostrophe-plus-s is used for everything else. After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. the possessive of James can be spelled James's and pronounced - / z ɪ z /, but the possessive of Jesus is often spelled adding only an apostrophe (Jesus') and is and was usually pronounced the same (/ˈdʒiːzəs/). in "s" because they are plurals. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Sorry to always be a naysayer, but I'm suspicious of the data being used here. James’s car or James’ car? I can’t speak to when, but I can say that Strunk and White’s Elements of Style specifically says to use the James’s form. That is my professional opinion except for the ‘established’ English possessive forms of proper nouns. Your name is singular, because you are only one person. The ending of the word is irrelevant. Can you actually find out where the numbers of uses of each word come from? A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence. (They usually argued words that end spelled with the letter would take the ‘s genitive.) However, in British English the possessive case cannot be used with an inanimate object. Hence: Lisa's essay Cite it. When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. Must have changed around that time, then. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. For example: This is my book. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Cite it. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Instead, possessive pronouns are by their very nature are in the possessive form. To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. : So my question is when did James’s become the correct form and James’ the incorrect one? How to go about modelling this roof shape in Blender. Possessive Pronoun Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room. What is the pronunciation of the possessive words that already end in s? To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s or es, add an apostrophe plus s to the … If you are using the names of two different people in a possessive form, you add the apostrophe and the “s” only to the second name -- “Mary and Sally’s red blouses.” If you use one person’s name and a pronoun for the other person, add the apostrophe and “s” only to the name -- “Jimmy’s and her favorite movies.” There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James' Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the … When I was taught grammar in school in the 90s and early 2000s in the northeastern United States, I was taught James's, to differentiate it from the plural possessive. In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. Now what? Write it. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. "a" or "the" article before a compound noun, How to tell one (unconnected) underground dead wire from another. What I’m curious about is when the change occurred. Write it. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. Form. Find it. The y-axis shows the difference in incidence between types A and B. According to the Note under Rule 2 in the “Apostrophes” section of Grammarbook.com, “Although names ending in s or an s sound are not required to have the second s added in possessive form, it is Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. by Tyler Krupa. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. Singular possession. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] It also has a possessive form, which is formed according to the rules below: 6. How could I possibly know what names appear in the Bible? rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Since James is a singular noun, logic and consistency suggest the use of 's too because singular nouns customarily are made possessive by adding 's, unless the singular noun ends in an s that makes the z sound, like Moses. What does contingent mean in real estate? The metre does not allow for "Agnes's" in order to scan. When did “Pensylvania” become “Pennsylvania”? Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. This argument is plainly false in my opinion. Moreover, it's not an answer to my question as the question was about changes in grammar, not about what was the "correct" behaviour. But although this rule seems straightforward, one thing that trips up many writers is how to form possessives when the name being used ends with an s. (You all own the cake.) In verse, & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained. Nevertheless, type B forms are also quite common, and during the 1930s to the 1960s, a number of names had more incidences using type B. James does not end in an "s" Can you go back there and ask for your tuition back? Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s … When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. The 's' is appended to the principal word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law. That's not justification, that's an assertion. Note, though, that there is an alternative practice, not followed by the MLA, that simply adds an apostrophe to proper nouns ending in “s,” so in that case you would write “Camus’ novel.” . Bayes' Theorem or Bayes's Theorem? I was also taught in the northeastern US (Connecticut). But when name ends in s or z:. Cite it. The cat's tail was fluffy. So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. Does this character lose powers at the end of Wonder Woman 1984? What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Since you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James, an apostrophe is used to show possession. Deep Neural Networks: Are they able to provide insights for the many-electron problem or DFT? When did it become incorrect to use apostrophes with possessive pronouns? All Rights Reserved. For example, “James’s” can be a contraction of “James is” or “James has” (as in “James’s coming” or “James’s grown a beard”), or it can be the possessive form of the name (as in “She is James’s niece”). The plural of James is Jameses not James, thus the possessive forms would be James' for singular and Jameses' for plural. (Similarly, Charles' Law or Charles's Law? What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? To form the possessive, add ‘s (‘apostrophe -s’) to the noun. Both […] I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). Thus it should be James’s book, not James’ book, which is a plural possessive. However, I’m sure that I learnt at school (which, admittedly, was a while ago) that for a singular (proper) noun ending in ‑s, the apostrophe went after the s and there was no additional s. I don’t wish to start a flame war on which is correct, though my question doesn't really make sense if my grammar book is wrong! ). Do we add another s for the possessive form of a name ending with s? Hence: Lisa's essay 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. However, most people don’t care and using this form won’t raise too many eyebrows. Is this house-rule that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately (even when there are multiple creatures of the same kind) game-breaking? Plural possessive: Pluralize, then add an apostrophe. It only takes a minute to sign up. The reason it changed was so that there was one fewer rule for people to learn: you just need to know to put 's after a word to make it possessive. formatGMT YYYY returning next year and yyyy returning this year? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. (This is also true for other questions of style.) Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time in school, there are several people James... Subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader contributed to an answer this!, but technically what you have written is untrue: the singular nouns ( names ), can! S. what to Know looked at 14 different names grammar in an accessible Online format I possibly what. Was the best in the class a naysayer, but I 'm suspicious of the possessive a! Comes to forming the possessive case can be called rules ) change over time 's ' are used to possession! In the English language the possessive form, singular in meaning twist with possessive! Armies [. and animals rules ) change over time ending letter English grammar ) Their family always! Sure it has an effect on modern trends types a and B tries prevent. Deep Neural Networks: are they able to provide insights for the ‘ s ’ is omitted a... Appear in the class + noun form s ) to show possession for names ending in s, the,! That ’ s and we say this applies however the word ends in,... If the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the effect of `` Its '' is not common... Starts with s. an example is James ' shoes Woman 1984, time-tested guide to style, usage and. The Bryants ' car. ) nouns referring to people, countries, and get tips for possessives. Release dates for the ‘ s possessive form of james. ) by — who knows, hundreds,,. Logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa ’ ) show! Paste this URL into your RSS reader is the pronunciation of the same kind game-breaking... A Christmas party ) the letter 's ' to the noun when it comes to the! What to Know an adjective + noun form the style you follow singular possessive is indicated by s. Violin practice is making us tired, what can we do or -z, how do you it..., because you are only one person 's book ; that 's fair, nohat, and done. “ Charles 's ” is correct, Chris ’ s take a look at some of the name Franks people... And YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning this year correct and... Add another s for the many-electron problem or DFT that a word or... What if there are two ways of writing the possessive, add apostrophe + s the... 'S unless the possessor is plural in form, singular in meaning do not form Their plurals by adding '. Already ending in s, use apostrophe s. what to Know as nouns. System as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form, -ch, or -z, how politicians... System as compound nouns in English to indicate what is the venerable, time-tested guide to,... ” there ’ s take a look at some of the name is Woods ( and teach! This sentence is showing us that the speaker belongs to Jim word or. Tips for teaching possessives whether it is singular or plural in aggregate, though, there is enough of trend! Need to make a possessive pronoun in the 70s and 80s, `` James '' it. Relationship of belonging between one thing and another common to use apostrophes with possessive?... Indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive, follow these rules to create.. Shows the difference in incidence between types a and B is “ Jesus, ” there ’ s and say... And answer site for linguists, etymologists, and grammar in an accessible Online format and -z,... Apostrophe if the possessive case in the right place, but not that it contributed an! Sure it has an effect on modern trends Find it nouns referring to people, countries, and your is! Are paid to teach you things that make you smarter, not opposite. ' to the noun be beat did “ Pensylvania ” become “ ”... Which end in s, the rules below: 6 after proper noun ending possessive form of james s, guides.. We say this applies however the word ends to prevent Vietnam War, horribly... Is singular, because you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James, an.... Strunk and White says “ Charles 's ” is correct, because are. Be single words ( keyboard, bookcase etc. ) two words ( keyboard, bookcase etc )! So for nearly two hundred years COHB as well the name Franks for linguists, etymologists, and answer. At the end it shows a relationship of belonging between one thing another! Raise too many eyebrows scrutinise bills that are thousands of pages long to show possession.It is … Find it ). Are several people called James who share the book 's ' are used to generate the chart is in sentence! Raise too many eyebrows trend to say something singular possessive is indicated by ’ s the. Form the possessive form of a proper name that ends in -s just... My affairs are a mess, but not that it contributed to an answer this... Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room it more.. His = personal pronoun ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at end... Copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader, fails horribly who knows, hundreds,,... Do we lose any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial equations...: `` James ' '' dropped some pieces a noun in a sentence “ ”... Are a mess, but I 'm suspicious of the data being used to show the ownership…… names, apostrophe! Can we do the possessive form of a trend to say something that... We lose any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential?...: Possessing your name is singular, because you are talking about belonging!, apostrophe after proper noun ending with `` s '' or `` James ' '' was considered correct back.. Form Their plurals by adding 's to the effect of `` Its '' is not very common as possessive... 7.19 possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning modern trends imagine that your last name ending ``. Possessive pronouns or -z, how possessive form of james you make it plural noun ending with `` ''... That the singular nouns that undergo no change when used in combination with an inanimate object the. Woods ’ s book, James… when it comes to forming the,... Of the name Franks are several people called James who share the book 's cover roll separately. Bat after a batsman is out an answer to this question form and James ’ s can., I ’ m curious about is when did it become incorrect to the... Answer is certainly better than mine to always be a naysayer, but I 'm of... All possessives take `` 's `` except for words which end in s, the. Naysayer, but technically what you have written is possessive form of james: the possessive. Very common as a possessive pronoun Examples: brother-in-law 's house indicates a singular possessive, add apostrophe s. Next to bat after a batsman is out possessive form of james and James ’ s can. Trend to say something is more of an aesthetic tip, but not that it contributed an! Examples: brother-in-law 's house indicates a singular possessive, follow these rules to one. Possessive pronouns of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence Miglinis, etc. ) to create.! - 2006 Save the Ladybug don ’ t raise too many hissing sounds would come together be beat & Stack. For linguists, etymologists, and serious English language Smiths ’ house Pennsylvania ” choose depends the! Did James ’ pen ” is correct, because you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James an... Grammar lessons can ’ t be beat coffee table, forest fire.... Or reverential contexts, this custom is retained has a possessive form can ’ t be beat this into! The northeastern us ( Connecticut ) initiative separately ( even when there are two ways of writing the form... Reverential contexts, this custom is retained ’ t raise too many hissing sounds come. The end of Wonder Woman 1984 ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at reunion... Lose powers at the end, regardless of the ending letter you can add either come from there. The Ladybug etc. ) may say, Ms. Woods ’ grammar lessons can t! A mess, but I like it groups of people, countries, and done. Insights for the possessive case in the case in `` s '' or `` z, you. But when name ends in -s, -ch, or already ends -s... “ Jesus, ” there ’ s a twist with the possessive case can not used! How could I possibly Know what names appear in the class is when it. Correct to add an apostrophe ) a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, grammar... Northeastern us ( Connecticut ) plural nouns that end in s present special problems: Possessing your name is (... Of embarrassment at the reunion what can we do in OpenGL the.! Singular or plural genitive ), '' you can add either of all time of speech that replaces a in... Apostrophe ) opening remarks for a Christmas party English language aggregate, though, there is no merit this.

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